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Panchabhautik chikitsais a unique branch of Ayurveda. It is based on one of Ayurveda’s core philosophies – macrocosm and microcosm. Panchabhautik chikitsais a principle of analysis and treatment. It was brought into practice by Vaidya Raj Atmaram Vaman Datar Shastri who we’ll refer to as Datar Shastri. Panchabhautik chikitsa is based on the basic concepts of the great classical texts of Ayurvedic medicine. TheBrihattrayees (three great literary works), are the Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhitaand theAstanga Samgraha. Here’s a breakdown of what we’ll cover in this article. Scroll ahead for more information.
Datar Shastri belonged to the state of Maharashtra in India. He emphasized that both the human body and nature are created from the the five elements, or the Panchamahabhutas. While treating the human body, equilibrium of the five elements should be considered. Ayurveda believes that everything that exists in the universe, the macrocosm, also appears in the internal cosmos of the human body, the microcosm. The Ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita says, “Man is the epitome of the universe. Within man, there is as much diversity as in the world outside. Similarly, the outside world is as diverse as human beings themselves.” In other words, all human beings are a living microcosm of the universe and the universe is a living macrocosm of the human beings. According to Ayurvedic medicine, all substances found in nature are therapeutic provided that they are used for specific indications and with appropriate formulations.
Vata dosha is the most powerful of the doshas. It controls the basic bodily functions as well as the mind. Vata dosha influences all types of movements in the body, from the movement of prana and nerve impulses, to thoughts and body fluids. TheVata doshais a combination ofAkash and Vayu mahabhuta, or space and air. Understanding the space (Akash) and air element (Vayu mahabhuta) and how they work in the body is very important. With understanding the elements, any imbalance in their functioning can be understood properly. Pitta dosha is responsible for metabolism, digestion and hormones linked to appetite. Pitta is a combination of the water and fire element. Kapha dosha is responsible for strength and stability, muscle growth, weight and the immune system. Kapha is a combination of the water and earth element.